Peptic Ulcer Disease

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Peptic Ulcer develops in the lining of the stomach or duodenum, and caused by the bacteria called Helicobacter Pylori

Peptic ulcers develop inside the lining of the stomach and in the upper portion of your small intestine. The common symptom of peptic ulcer is stomach pain. Peptic ulcers include gastric and duodenal ulcers. Infection caused by bacterium Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is considered as the major cause for peptic ulcer. Painkillers, stress and spicy food definitely make the symptoms worse.

CAUSES

The primary cause for peptic ulcer is the occurrence of Helicobacter pylori bacteria which lives in the tissues of stomach and small intestine. This bacterium spreads from one person to another by close contact with the infected, food and water.

SYMPTOMS

Stomach pain is the most common symptom of peptic ulcer. It turns worse between meals and at night. Other symptoms of peptic ulcer include, fullness feeling, bloating and belching, food intolerance, heartburn, weight loss and nausea.

RISKS & COMPLICATIONS

People who smoke, drink alcohol and eat spicy foods are greatly at the risk of peptic ulcer. The complications of peptic ulcer are evident as internal bleeding, infection and obstruction. Continuous bleeding leads to anemia and may require hospitalization. Infection of the abdominal cavity or peritonitis is prominently seen in people with peptic ulcer. In certain conditions, peptic ulcer may cause blockage of the digestive tract.

TESTS & DIAGNOSIS

Most popular tests in the diagnosis of peptic ulcer are blood, stool or breath tests. During the endoscopy test, a small tube is inserted into the throat, stomach and small intestine to study the ulcers. Endoscopy is usually recommended for people with symptoms of bleeding and weight loss.

TREATMENT

The doctor looks for symptoms of peptic ulcer. The standard treatment includes prescribing drugs to eliminate H. pylori bacterium, and treating acidity. Surgery may be suggested for acute bleeding or a perforation.

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