Department Of Orthopedics


Simhapuri Hospitals offers the latest in Adult Reconstruction & Joint Replacement for the Hip, Knee, and Surgical Arthritis. The hospital deals with a wide range of Musculoskeletal conditions, and carries out the most number of joint replacement procedures in the Country. From diagnosis and treatment to recuperation and well-being, team Simhapuri is a blend of experienced surgeons and Rheumatologists who provide top quality care for hundreds of patients every day.

 

The latest treatment options are available for

  • Inflammatory arthritis or osteoarthritis
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Cartilage or ligament problems
  • Revision surgery
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Partial joint replacement surgery, or total joint replacement surgery

Joint Replacement (Hip, Knee, Shoulder)

A surgery is always the last option at the Simhapuri Hospitals. It is carried out only when other options like the physical therapy and medications have been tried, but failed to deliver results. Severe joint pain affects a large chunk of population that includes the elderly, sports people, and accident-hit. A joint replacement surgery is a vastly successful means of eradicating joint pain. It can also be performed to treat advanced arthritis, correcting deformity and reviving mobility.

Joint repair and replacement options available at Simhapuri

Knee Replacement and alternatives

  • Total knee replacement
  • Mini incision surgery (MIS)
  • Unicondylar knee Arthroplasty (Partial knee replacement)
  • Knee Arthroscopy (Synovectomy & joint lavage)
  • Osteotomy (joint preserving surgery)
  • Revision knee replacement

Hip Replacement and alternatives

  • Total hip replacement
  • Partial hip replacement
  • Resurfacing Arthroplasty
  • Mini Incision Surgery (MIS)
  • Core decompression / Bone grafting / Osteotomy (joint preserving surgery)
  • Revision hip replacement

Shoulder & Elbow replacement

Who needs joint replacement?

Individuals who suffer with severe joint pain, stiffness, limping, muscle weakness, limitation of motion, and swelling feel it hard to undertake even the most trivial of general activities. The severity of the problem depends on the joint affected and the amount of damage it has undergone. The most common causes of joint dysfunction are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. There are no proven causes for arthritis, but a number of factors may contribute to the joint deterioration and lead to arthritis.

Some of the factors are

  • Heredity
  • Growth defects of joint formation
  • Genetic tendency to irregular cartilage metabolism
  • Trauma to the joint cartilage (softening tissue at the edges of the bones)
  • Being overweight

What is joint replacement?

Damaged cartilage and any related loss of bone structure can be replaced by means of a joint replacement surgery. The treatment procedure intends to resurface the damaged joint, and depends on the individual’s muscles and ligaments for sustenance and function.

What is prosthesis?

The prosthesis or the replacement joint is made of titanium, cobalt chrome, stainless steel, ceramic material, and polyethylene (plastic). It can be fastened to the bone with acrylic cement or can be thrust-fit, which supports the growth of bone into the implant. Physiotherapy is then employed once the joint replacement is carried out to restore motion and function. Hip, knee and shoulder are the three most common joint replacement surgeries.

Surgical Arthritis

Comprehensive care for patients suffering with severe inflammatory arthritis is offered in a multidisciplinary setting. Drawing heavily from the expertise of orthopedic surgery and Rheumatology, the team embraces a multidisciplinary approach to treat patients with rheumatoid arthritis; aggressive, multi-joint arthritis; other types of inflammatory arthritis; and other autoimmune diseases.

Knee Joint Replacement

Joint replacement or Arthroplasty is one of the most common operations in modern Orthopedic surgery. It consists of replacing painful, arthritic, worn or cancerous parts of the joint with artificial surfaces shaped in such a way as to allow joint movement.

In an operative procedure of joint replacement, the arthritic or dysfunctional joint surface is replaced with something better or the joint is remodeled or realigned by Osteotomy or some other procedure. The joint could be of the knee, hip, shoulder, wrist, finger, etc.

For example a hip joint that is affected by osteoarthritis may be replaced entirely (total hip arthroplasty) with a prosthetic hip. This would involve replacing both the acetabulum (hip socket) and the head and neck of the femur.

The purpose of a joint replacement procedure is to relieve pain, to restore range of motion and to improve walking ability, thus leading to the improvement of muscle strength.

Knee Arthroscopy

Knee Arthroscopy is a common surgical procedure most often performed to relieve the pain and disability from degenerative arthritis, most commonly osteoarthritis, but other arthritides as well. Major causes of debilitating pain include meniscus tears, osteoarthritis, cartilage defects, and ligament tears.

Knee Arthroscopy can be performed as a partial or a total knee replacement. In general, a knee replacement surgery consists of replacing the diseased or damaged joint surfaces of the knee with metal and plastic components shaped to allow continued motion of the knee.

During an average knee arthroscopy, fiber-optic camera (the endoscope) is inserted into the joint through a small incision, about 4 mm (1/8 inch) long. A special fluid is used to visualize the joint parts.

Incapacitating pain from injury or arthritis of the knee that affects everyday activities — particularly walking and standing — is the main reason to consider knee arthroscopy.

Knee Replacement

Knee Replacement is a common surgical procedure most often performed to relieve the pain and disability from degenerative arthritis, most commonly osteoarthritis, but other arthritides as well. Major causes of debilitating pain include meniscus tears, osteoarthritis, cartilage defects, and ligament tears.

Knee replacement surgery can be performed as a partial or a total knee replacement. In general, a knee replacement surgery consists of replacing the diseased or damaged joint surfaces of the knee with metal and plastic components shaped to allow continued motion of the knee.

Total Knee Replacement Surgery is the procedure of implanting an artificial knee (called prosthesis). The damaged cartilage and bone from the surface of knee joint are removed and replaced with new metal and plastic surfaces to restore the alignment and function of the knee.

During an average knee replacement surgery, fiber-optic camera (the endoscope) is inserted into the joint through a small incision, about 4 mm (1/8 inch) long. A special fluid is used to visualize the joint parts.

Incapacitating pain from injury or arthritis of the knee that affects everyday activities — particularly walking and standing — is the main reason to consider knee replacement.

Hip Joint Replacement

Hip replacement is done in cases of osteoarthritis of the hip joint, severe pain, loss of motion or deformity of the hip joint.

Hip replacement is also used in people with hip injuries, rheumatoid arthritis and other medical conditions, such as a bone tumour or bone loss due to insufficient blood supply.

Hip replacement surgery involves replacing the femoral head – the “ball” of the thighbone – with a metal ball. The metal ball attaches to a metal stem that fits into the thighbone. A plastic and metal socket is implanted into the pelvic bone to replace the damaged socket. The prosthetic parts, which mimic the natural design of the hip, fit together and function like a normal hip joint.

Press Note: Complex Ortho & Spine Surgeries.