Endoscopy procedure is an instruments to view and operate the internal organs and vessels of the body. It allows surgeons to view problems within the body without making large incisions.
A surgeon will inserts an endoscope through a small cut, or an opening in the body such as the mouth. An endoscope is a flexible tube with an attached camera that allows your doctor to see. Doctor can use forceps (tongs) and scissors on the endoscope to operate or remove tissue for biopsy.
Why do I need an Endoscopy?
Doctor may order an endoscopy to visually examine an organ. An endoscope’s lighted camera allows the doctor to view potential problems without a large incision. A screen in the operating room will absorb by the doctor to see exactly what the endoscope sees.
Doctor may suspect that an organ or specific area of the body is infected, damaged, or cancerous. In this case, Doctor may order an endoscopic biopsy. An endoscopic biopsy involves by using forceps in endoscope to remove a small sample of tissue. They will send the sample to a lab for testing.
Doctor will review the symptoms, perform a physical examination, and possibly order some blood tests prior to an endoscopy. These tests will help the doctor gain a more accurate understanding of the possible cause of the symptoms. These tests may help them to determine that if the problems can be treated without an endoscopy or surgery.
What are the types of Endoscopy?
Endoscopies fall into categories, based on the area of the body that they investigate:
- Arthroscopy is used to examine the joints. The scope is inserted through a small incision near the joint be examined.
- Bronchoscopy is used to examine the lungs. The scope is inserted into your nose or mouth.
- Colonoscopy is used to examine the colon. The scope is inserted through your anus.
- Cystoscopy is used to examine the bladder. The scope is inserted through urethra, which is the hole through which you urinate.
- Enteroscopy is used to examine the small intestine. The scope is inserted through the mouth or anus.
- Hysteroscopy is used for the examining the inside of The scope is inserted through the vagina.
- Laparoscopy is used to examine the abdominal or pelvic area. The scope is inserted through a small incision near the area that’s being examined.
- Laryngoscopy is used to examine voice box, or larynx. The scope is inserted through your mouth or nostril.
- Mediastinoscopy is used to examine the area between the lungs that are called as “mediastinum.” The scope is inserted through an incision above the breastbone.
- Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is used to examine esophagus and upper intestinal tract. The scope is inserted through the mouth.
- Ureteroscopy is used to examine the ureter. The scope is inserted through urethra.
What are the risks of an Endoscopy?
Endoscopy has a lower risk of bleeding and infection than the open surgery. Still, endoscopy is a medical procedure, so it has some risk of bleeding, infection, and other rare complications such as:
- chest pain
- damage to your organs, including possible perforation
- persistent pain in the area of endoscopy
- redness and swelling at the incision site
What happens after an Endoscopy?
Most endoscopies are outpatient procedures. This means you can go home the same day.
Doctor will close incision wounds with stitches and properly bandage them immediately after the procedure. He will give you instructions on how to care for this wound on own.
Some procedures, such as a colonoscopy, may leave you slightly uncomfortable. It may require some time to feel well enough to go about your daily business.
If the doctor suspects a cancerous growth, they’ll perform a biopsy during your endoscopy. The results will take a few days.Doctor will discuss the results with you after they get them back from the laboratory.