Food poisoning is a disease that usually gets vomiting and diarrhea after a person eats or drinks fluids which are contaminated with certain bacteria, viruses, parasites or chemicals (toxins).
If you have food poisoning, chances are it won’t go undetected. Symptoms can vary depending on the source of the infection. Mostly, food poisoning includes at least three of the following symptoms:
- Abdominal cramps
- Loss of appetite
- Mild fever
Symptoms of potentially life-threatening food poisoning include:
- Diarrhea persisting for more than three days
- A fever higher than 101.5°F
- Difficulty seeing or speaking
- Symptoms of severe dehydration, which may include dry mouth, passing little to no urine, and difficulty keeping fluids down.
Food poisoning can be noticed by one of the following three major causes:
Bacteria is by far the most prevalent cause of food poisoning. When thinking of dangerous bacteria, names like E. coli, listeria and salmonella come to mind for good reason.
Food poisoning can also be caused by parasites which is not common as the food poisoning caused by the bacteria, but parasites might spread through the food that are still very dangerous. Toxoplasma is oftenly seen parasite in the cases of food poisoning.
Food poisoning can also be caused by a virus. The Norovirus, also known as the Norwalk virus, that also cause of food poisoning in certain cases, it can be fatal. Sapovirus, Rotavirus, and Astrovirus are the some of the symptoms. Hepatitis A virus is the serious condition that can be transmitted through the food.
How Does Food Become Contaminated?
Pathogens can be found almost on all the food that humans eat. However, heat from cooking might kills pathogens on food before it reaches in the plate. Foods which is eating raw are some of the common sources for food poisoning because they don’t go through the cooking process.
Meat, eggs, and dairy products are frequently contaminated. Water may also be contaminated with organisms that cause illness.
Risks for Food Poisoning
Anyone can come down with food poisoning. Some of the populations that are more at risk than others. Anyone who has the suppressed immune system or an auto-immune disease may have a greater risk of infection .
How Is Food Poisoning Diagnosed?
Doctor may be able to diagnose the type of food poisoning based on the symptoms. Mostly in some of the cases, blood tests, stool tests, and tests on food that have eaten may be conducted to determine the responsible for the food poisoning. Urine test can be used to evaluate an individually which is dehydrated as a result of food poisoning.
How Is Food Poisoning Treated?
Food poisoning can usually be treated at home, but in most of the cases it can resolve within three to five days.
If you have food poisoning, it’s crucial to remain properly hydrated. Sports drinks high in electrolytes can be helpful with this. Fruit juice and coconut water can get carbohydrates and it helps with the fatigue.