Smoking is one of the Main Cardiovascular Risk Factors

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There is a string link between smoking and cardiovascular diseases – one of every three deaths from cardiovascular diseases can be linked with smoking, and nearly 40% of all deaths from smoking can be attributed to cardiovascular diseases! And not just those who smoke 20+ cigarettes a day, even those who smoke 5 cigarettes a day or fewer can also be at an elevated risk of cardiovascular diseases. Ditto for those who smoke cigarettes with lower levels of tar and nicotine, those who use alternate tobacco products such as e-cigarettes, and those who are exposed to passive smoking. In fact, when it comes to smoking, there are no ‘safe’ options.

Chemicals in the cigarette cause the arteries to swell and become narrow, which restricts the blood flow leading to many cardiovascular conditions. Below are some of the typical cardiovascular complications that can be directly linked with smoking.

Atherosclerosis

This is a condition fat and cholesterol form a layer of plaque (also known as atheroma) in the arteries, making them narrow and inflexible. Nicotine, while not the primary causes, can increase the formation of plaque in arteries.

Coronary Heart Disease

Again, caused when arteries carrying blood to the heart are narrowed by plaque, this disease is exacerbated by smoking, as the harmful chemicals in cigarette cause the blood form clots, leading to a heart attack and sudden death.

Stroke

Caused by an interruption of the blood flow to the brain, strokes can cause permanent loss of certain functions, paralysis, or even death. Not only does smoking increase the risk for strokes, researchers have also observed that smokers are more likely to die from strokes than the non-smokers.

Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)

These and Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)are conditions in which the blood flow to the extremities is reduced, and may necessitate amputation of the affected limb. Smoking is the most common preventable cause.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Characterized by a weakening or rupture in the part of aorta present in the belly, this disease affects the supply of oxygen-rich blood throughout the body. Smoking is almost always the cause of death from abdominal aortic aneurysms.

So what are the chemicals present in cigarette smoke that cause these cardiovascular diseases? Well, there are many hundreds of them, if not thousands, but the top three are as follows.

Nicotine

An addictive chemical that causes an increase in blood pressure, resulting in long-term hypertension. This chemical can also have a detrimental effect on brain and muscles

Carbon monoxide

Carbon Monoxide (CO) is a poisonous gas that raises heartbeat by replacing oxygen in the blood. If inhaled in large quantities, CO can cause dizziness,nausea, and even loss of consciousness or death.

Tar

Generated by burning tobacco, Tar is composed of Nitrogen, Oxygen, Hydrogen, CO2 and various other volatile and semi-volatile chemicals. It coats your lungs with a layer of shoot, making it harder to breathe.

And don’t even get us started on the heightened risk of lung cancer! The truth is, profits to tobacco companies aside, smoking doesn’t do anyone any good – if you are a smoker, quit now.

Want to know how? Call us today on 0861-6680 100, 8008 104 199, or write to us at  info@simhapurihospitals.com to learn more about the most effective ways to quit smoking!


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