WHAT IS A BRAIN TUMOR?
A Brain Tumor is a mass or growth of abnormal cells in your brain or close to your brain. Normally, the cells in the body aged, die, and are replaced by new cells. With these cancer and tumors, something disturbs this cycle. Tumor cells grow, even though the body does not need them, and unlike normal old cells, they don’t die. As this process goes on, the tumor continues to grow as more and more cells are added to the mass.
Many different types of brain tumors exist. Some brain tumors are noncancerous (benign), and some brain tumors are cancerous (malignant). Primary Brain tumors can begin in your brain, and secondary cancer can begin in other parts of your body and spread to your brain. These are also called as Meta static Brain Tumors. How quickly these brain tumor grows can vary on the basis of the growth rate as well as location of a brain tumor determines how it will affect the function of your nervous system.
-Generally, Brain tumors can occur at any age.
-The exact cause of brain tumors is not clear.
-Severity of brain tumors depend on their size, type, and location.
The basic symptom for Brain tumor is headache but every head ache may not lead to brain tumor. It is better to contact the specialist and follow proper medication to reduce the effect of brain tumor.
TYPES OF BRAIN TUMOR
– Primary tumors
– Secondary tumors
Primary tumors start at a part in the brain when normal cells acquire errors or damages due to DNA defect. These errors cause irregularities in cell normal life cycle.
Secondary tumors start at any part of the body and spreads to brain. Secondary tumors are cancers. Cancer can effect any part of the body.
In most of the cases patients suffers with secondary brain tumors.
People with a brain tumor may experience the following symptoms or signs. Sometimes, people with a brain tumor do not show any of these symptoms. Or, these symptoms may be caused by a medical condition that is not a brain tumor.
BRAIN TUMOR CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS:
-Headaches, which may be severe and may worsen with activity or in the early morning
-Personality or memory changes
-Nausea or vomiting
Apart from these there are some symptoms specific to tumors location:
-High pressure or head ache at the tumor location
-Loss of balance
-Changes in judgment, including loss of initiative, sluggishness, and muscle weakness
-paralysis is associated with a tumor in the frontal lobe of the cerebrum.
-partial or complete loss of vision
-difficulties in hearing, swallowing, speech, memory
-changes in emotional state
Any person suffering with any of these symptoms need to consult the doctor and need to undergo proper medical treatment to get control over the symptoms.
BRAIN TUMORS DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT:
If any patient reaches the doctor with symptoms of brain tumor doctor first enquires about patient’s family’s health history. After that the patient may undergo some basic check up. This is a Neurological exam in this patient’s vision, hearing, alertness, muscle strength should be tested.
Apart from this some tests like
After these tests if it is confirmed that the patient is attacked with brain tumor then the doctor starts medication depending upon the location and severity of the pain.
Depending upon the location and severity there are different treatment options:
Sometimes combination of these options is followed for treatment.
In brain tumor care, different types of doctors often work together to create a patient’s overall treatment plan that combines different types of treatment. This team may include neuro-oncologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, surgeons, nurses, social workers, rehabilitation therapists, neuropsychologists, and other specialists.
For a low-grade brain tumor, surgery may be the only treatment needed especially if all of the tumor can be removed. If there is visible tumor remaining after surgery, radiation and chemotherapy may be used.
For higher-grade tumors, treatment usually begins with surgery, followed by radiation therapy and chemotherapy. The exact treatment plan will be made by health care team dynamically depending upon the tumor condition.
In most of the cases removing tumors completely is a challenge. There is also possibility of different side effects as the radiation may damage other cells in the brain. Detecting the tumor in the early stages improve the chances of removing the tumor by surgery. So, it is better to consult the best doctor if anyone having the symptoms and follow the medication.
Differences between Benign and Malignant Brain tumors:
Benign brain tumors are noncancerous. Malignant primary brain tumors are cancers that originate in the brain, typically grow faster than benign tumors, and aggressively invade surrounding tissue. Although brain cancer rarely spreads to other organs, it will spread to other parts of the brain and central nervous system.
Benign brain tumors usually have clearly defined borders and usually are not deeply rooted in brain tissue. This makes them easier to surgically remove, assuming they are in an area of the brain that can be safely operated on. But even after they’ve been removed, they can still come back, although benign tumors are less likely to recur than malignant ones.
Although benign tumors in other parts of the body can cause problems, they are not generally considered to be a major health problem or to be life-threatening. But even a benign brain tumor can be a serious health problem. Brain tumors damage the cells around them by causing inflammation and putting increased pressure on the tissue under and around it as well as inside the skull.
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