Snoring is a common condition that can affect anyone, although it occurs more frequently in men and people who are overweight. Snoring has a tendency to worsen with age.
1. Change Your Sleep Position:
Lying on your back makes the base of your tongue and soft palate collapse to the back wall of your throat, causing a vibrating sound during sleep. Sleeping on one side may help you to prevent this.
A body pillow (a full-length pillow that supports your entire body) provides an easy fix. It enables you to maintain sleeping on your side and can make a dramatic difference.
2. Lose Weight:
Weight loss helps some people but not to everyone. Thin people may snore, too. If you have gained more weight then also you might start snoring. If you gain more weight around the neck, then it squeezes the internal diameter of the throat, making it more likely to collapse during the sleep, triggering snoring
3. Avoid Alcohol:
Alcohol and sedatives can reduce the resting tone of the muscles in the back of the throat it might get snoring. Drinking alcohol four to five hours before the sleep makes snoring very worse. People who don’t snore normally will snore after drinking alcohol.
4. Practice Good Sleep Hygiene:
Poor sleep hygiene can have an effect similar to that of drinking alcohol. Working long hours without enough sleep can also lead to snoring. If you sleep hard and deep, then the the muscles become floppier, which creates snoring.
5. Open Nasal Passages:
If snoring starts in the nose, need to keep nasal passages open it may help you to stop the snoring. It allows air to move slower. Imagine a narrow garden hose with water running through, and it will narrower the hose, faster the water rushes through.
Nasal passages work similarly, if the nose is clogged or narrowed due to cold or other blockage, the fast-moving air is more likely it gets snoring.
A hot shower before going to the bed can help open nasal passages. Also, keep a bottle of saltwater rinse in the shower. Nasal strips may also work to lift nasal passages and open them up if the problem exists in your nose and not within the soft palate.
6. Change Your Pillows:
Allergens in the bedroom and in the pillow may contribute in getting snoring. When did you last dust the overhead ceiling fan? Replace the pillows? Dust mites accumulate in pillows and can cause allergic reactions that can lead to snoring. Allowing pets to sleep on the bed can cause you to breathe in animal dander, another common irritant.
Put the pillows in the air fluff cycle once every couple weeks and replace them every six months to keep dust mites and allergens to a minimum. And keep pets out of the bedroom.
7. Stay Well Hydrated.
Drink plenty of fluids. Secretions in the nose and soft palate will become stickier when you are dehydrated can create more snoring. Healthy women will have about 11 cups of total water (from all drinks and food) a day, for men will require about 16 cups.
Overall, get enough sleep, sleep on a side, need to avoid alcohol before the bedtime and take a hot shower if the nasal passages are clogged.
Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges. The meninges are the three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can occur when fluid surrounding the meninges becomes infected.
The most common causes of meningitis are viral and bacterial infections. Other causes may include:
Viral and bacterial meningitis are contagious. They can be transmitted by coughing, sneezing, or close contact.
Types of Meningitis:
Viral and bacterial infections are the common causes of meningitis. There are several other forms of meningitis.
Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis. Viruses in the Enterovirus category cause 85 percent of the cases. These are more common during the summer and fall, and they include:
Viruses in the Enterovirus category cause about 10 to 15 million infections per year, but only a small percentage of people who get infected will develop meningitis.
Other viruses that can cause meningitis include:
West Nile virus
Coltivirus, which causes Colorado tick fever
Viral meningitis typically goes away without treatment.
Bacterial meningitis is contagious and it is caused by the infection from a certain bacteria. It can be fatal if left untreated. Between 5 to 40 percent of children and 20 to 50 percent of adults, with this condition, die. This is true even with proper treatment.
Symptoms of Meningitis:
Symptoms of meningitis can vary depending on the age. The symptoms of Meningitis are as follows:
Viral Meningitis Symptoms:
Viral meningitis in infants may cause:
In adults, viral meningitis may cause:
Sensitivity to bright light
Bacterial Meningitis Symptoms
Bacterial meningitis symptoms develop suddenly. They may include:
Altered mental status
A sensitivity to light
Seek immediate medical attention if you experience these symptoms. Bacterial meningitis can be deadly. There’s no way to know if you have bacterial or viral meningitis just by judging how you feel.
Risk Factors for Meningitis:
Some of the risk factors for meningitis are as follows:
People with an immune deficiency are more vulnerable to infections. This includes the infections that cause meningitis. Certain disorders and treatments can weaken your immune system. These include:
Organ or bone marrow transplants
Cryptococcal meningitis, caused by a fungus, is the most common form of meningitis in the people who have HIV or AIDS.
Meningitis is easily spread when people live in close quarters. Being in small spaces increase the chance of exposure. Examples of these locations include:
Day care centers
Pregnant women have an increased risk of listeriosis, which is an infection caused by the Listeria bacteria. Infection can spread to the unborn child.
All ages are at risk for meningitis. However, certain age groups have a higher risk. Children under the age of 5 are at an increased risk of viral meningitis.
Working with Animals:
Farm workers and others who work with animals have an increased risk of infection with Listeria.
In the process of colonoscopy, doctor uses a thin flexible camera to check for abnormalities or disease in the lower intestine or colon.
Colon is the lowest portion of gastrointestinal tract that takes in the food, absorbs nutrients, and disposes off waste. The colon is attached to the anus via the rectum. During colonoscopy, doctor can take tissue samples for biopsy. They can also remove abnormal tissue such as polyps.
Why a Colonoscopy Is Performed?
A colonoscopy can be perform as screening for colon cancer and other problems. The screening can help doctor identify the following:
Any existing signs of cancers and other problems
Explore the cause of unexplained changes in bowel habits
Evaluate symptoms of pain or bleeding located in the abdominal area
Find a reason for weight loss, chronic constipation, or diarrhea
Risks of a Colonoscopy:
Colonoscopy is a routine procedure, and there can be lasting effects from this test. In the vast majority of cases, the benefits of detecting problems and beginning treatment far outweigh the risks of complications from a colonoscopy.
Some of the rare complications of a colonoscopy are as follows:
Bleeding from a biopsy site if a biopsy was done
A reaction to the sedative
Tears in the rectal wall or colon
How is a Colonoscopy Performed?
Most of the people get a sedative, usually in the form of a pill. When the procedure is going on, one needs to lie on a side on a padded examination table. Your doctor may position you with your knees close to your chest to get a better angle to your colon.
While you are on a side and sedated, the doctor will guide a flexible, lit tube called a colonoscope into the anus. Gently, they will guide it up through the rectum and into the colon. A camera is on one end of the colonoscope that transmits images to the monitor that the doctor will be watching.
After the completion of colonoscopy procedure , one may need to wait for about an hour to allow the sedative wear off. You’ll be advised not to drive for the next 24 hours, until its full effects fade.
In addition, it is likely to have some gas and bloating from the gas placed by doctor in your colon. Give it time to get out of the system. If it continues for days after, it could mean that there’s a problem and you should contact the doctor.
A little bit of blood in the stool after the procedure is normal. However, consult with the doctor if you continue to pass blood or blood clots, experience abdominal pain, or have a fever over 100°F.
Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain tissue. The most common cause of encephalitis is viral infections. In some of the cases it can be caused by bacteria or even fungi.
There are two main types of encephalitis: primary and secondary. Primary encephalitis occurs when a virus directly infects the brain and spinal cord. Secondary encephalitis can occurs when the infection starts in the body then travels into the brain.
Encephalitis is a rare yet serious disease that can be life-threatening. You should see the doctor immediately, if you have the symptoms of encephalitis.
Symptoms of encephalitis:
The symptoms of encephalitis can range from mild to severe.
Mild symptoms include:
Severe symptoms include:
Fever of 103°F (39.4°C) or higher
Sensitivity to light
Infants and young children show different symptoms. Call a doctor immediately if your child is experiencing any of the following:
Bulging fontanel (soft spot in the scalp)
Many different viruses can cause encephalitis. It’s helpful to categorize the potential causes into three groups: common viruses, childhood viruses, and arboviruses.
The most common virus that causes encephalitis in developed countries is herpes simplex. The herpes virus typically travels through a nerve to the skin, where it causes a cold sore. In rare cases, however, the virus travels to the brain.
This form of encephalitis usually affects the temporal lobe, the part of the brain that controls memory and speech. It can also affect the frontal lobe, the part that controls the emotions and behaviour. Encephalitis caused by herpes is dangerous and can lead to severe brain damage and death.
Other common viruses that can cause encephalitis include:
Vaccines can prevent childhood viruses that cause encephalitis. Some of the viruses occur in the childhood and can cause encephalitis are as follows:
Chicken pox (very rare)
Arboviruses are viruses carried by insects. The type of arbovirus that’s transmitted depends on the insect.
Risk factors for encephalitis:
The groups most at risk of encephalitis are:
Children under the age of 1
People with weak immune systems
There is a higher risk of getting encephalitis if you live in an area where mosquitoes or ticks are common. Mosquitoes and ticks can carry the viruses that can also cause this encephalitis. You are more likely to get an encephalitis during summer, when these insects are most active.
Atrial fibrillation is an irregularity and often occurs as rapid heart rate that can increase the risk of stroke, heart failure and other heart-related complications.
During atrial fibrillation, the heart’s two upper chambers (the atria) beat chaotically and irregularly out of coordination with the two lower chambers (the ventricles) of the heart. Atrial fibrillation includes the symptoms like heart palpitations, shortness of breath and weakness.
Some people with atrial fibrillation have no symptoms and are unaware of their condition until it’s discovered during a physical examination. Those who have atrial fibrillation symptoms may experience the following signs and symptoms:
Palpitations, which are sensations of a racing, uncomfortable, irregular heartbeat or a flip-flopping in the chest
Reduced ability to exercise
Shortness of breath
Atrial fibrillation may be:
In this case it is called as paroxysmal (par-ok-SIZ-mul) atrial fibrillation. These symptoms may come and go, lasting for a few minutes to few hours and then stopping on their own.
With this type of atrial fibrillation, your heart rhythm doesn’t go back to normal on its own. If the persistent atrial fibrillation occurs, they need the treatment such as an electrical shock or medications in order to restore the heart rhythm.
This type of atrial fibrillation is continuous and lasts longer than 12 months.
In this type of atrial fibrillation, the abnormal heart rhythm can’t be restored. You will have atrial fibrillation permanently, and often it require medications to control the heart rate.
Atrial fibrillation is irregular and a often rapid heart rate that occurs when the two upper chambers of your heart (atria) experience chaotic electrical signals.
Heart consists of four chambers, they are two upper chambers (atria) and two lower chambers (ventricles). Within the upper right chamber of the heart (right atrium) is a group of cells called the sinus node. This is the heart’s natural pacemaker. The sinus node produces the impulse that starts to each heartbeat.
Normally, the impulse travels first through the atria and then through a connecting pathway between the upper and lower chambers of your heart called the atrioventricular (AV) node. As the signal passes from the sinus node through the atria, it gets contraction and pumping blood from the atria into the ventricles below. As the signal passes through the AV node to the ventricles, it signals the ventricles to contract, pumping blood out to your body.
In atrial fibrillation, the upper chambers of the heart (atria) experience chaotic electrical signals. As a result, they quiver. The AV node is the electrical connection between the atria and the ventricles is bombarded with impulses trying to get through to the ventricles.
The ventricles can beat rapidly, but it is not much as the atria, as not all the impulses get through. The reason is that the AV node is like a highway on-ramp – only so many vehicles can get on at one time.
Certain factors may increase the risk of developing atrial fibrillation.
The older you are, the greater the risk of developing atrial fibrillation.
Anyone with heart diseases such as heart valve problems, congenital heart disease, congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease, or a history of heart attack or heart surgery has an increased risk of atrial fibrillation.
High blood pressure:
Blood pressure issues, especially when they are not well-controlled with the lifestyle changes or medications, can increase the risk of atrial fibrillation.
Other chronic conditions
People with certain chronic conditions such as thyroid problems, sleep apnea, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, chronic kidney disease or lung disease have an increased risk of atrial fibrillation.
Drinking alcohol can cause of atrial fibrillation. Binge drinking may put you at an even higher risk.
People who are obese are at higher risk of developing atrial fibrillation.
An increased risk of atrial fibrillation is present in some families.