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Tooth decay is caused by bacteria which produces acids in your mouth that feed on sugar.

Sugar has both good and bad effects on our health. When taken in limited quantity, sugar has lot of benefits for human health. Sugar has high calorie content which provides energy to the body. Glycolic acid in sugar helpful for maintaining the healthy skin.

Consuming too much of sugar leads to metabolic dysfunctions like heavy  weight gain, abdominal obesity, decreased HDL and increased LDL and uric acid, elevated blood sugar and triglycerides and high blood pressure.

Sugar has its negative impact on almost every part of the body. Sugar’s negative impact on oral health is commonly seen. Sugar content in drinks especially sodas and juices has its impact as tooth decay or cavities. Sugar causes damage to the teeth enamel and encourages the growth of harmful bacteria.

Plaque which forms on teeth and gums also contains bacteria. Sugar content in the mouth is consumed by the bacteria which releases acid as a waste product. This acid slowly dissolves the enamel in the teeth and leads to formation of cavities.

Gradual destruction by the cavities can lead to worn-out back teeth and changes in your biting patterns. This condition may require a dentist consultation and correction evident as extraction of unhealthy teeth, gum surgery and dental implants.

Some tips for strong teeth and healthy gums:

  • Avoid too many sweets
  • Detecting early signs of tooth decay
  • Brushing teeth twice a day
  • Visiting a dental doctor twice a year
  • Seeking professional support to remove plaque and tartar
  • Availing  advance dental treatments for added protection

 

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Parents and guardians should be aware of childhood obesity and the ways to control it. Childhood obesity leads to high blood pressure, heart diseases and high cholesterol. It may also results in bone and joint problems.

What Causes Obesity in Children?

Children become obese or overweight for a variety of reasons. The most common causes are unhealthy eating ,lack of physical activity and genetic factors. Only in rare cases children can be obese by a medical condition such as a hormonal problem.

Although weight problems in families, not all children with a family history will be overweight. Children whose parents sisters or brothers are overweight may be at an increased risk of becoming overweight themselves, Obesity also  linked to shared family behaviors such as eating and activity habits.

A child’s activity level and diet plays an important role in determining a child’s weight. For example, now a day’s many children are spending lots of time by watching television, computers and video games.

What Diseases Are Obese Children at Risk For?

Obese children are at risk for a number of conditions, including:

  • Diabetes
  • Heart Diseases
  • Bone problems
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Skin conditions such as heat rash, fungal infections, and acne

Some obese children may suffer from breathing problems viz. asthma and bronchitis. Significantly, obese children suffer from social and psychological problems viz. depression, poor self-esteem, higher stress, lower social skills and anxiety.

Balance is the key to maintain a healthy weight. The two-way approach to put your child’s weight under control include cutting down on fats and calories, and have an active life.

Giving your child a diet filled with fruits, vegetables, whole-grains, poultry, fish, lentils and beans goes a long way towards encouraging healthy eating habits. Taking water, and limiting soft drinks and beverages will be of great help towards controlling your child’s obesity.

Children should avoid a sedentary life, which means to spend less time watching TV, using computer and playing video games. Children should be encouraged to have an active life. A moderate to intensive physical activity as part of daily may include jumping rope, brisk walking, playing outdoor games, dancing and swimming.

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Common Orthopedic Problems in Children

Every child’s growth varies depending on certain factors such as physical, environmental and more.  In some children growth is not completely on the right track. Many children face orthopedic problems such as pigeon toes, flat feet, toe walking, bowlegs, and knock-knees.

Here below are a few common orthopedic problems in children which parents must know.

  1. Flatfeet: Flatfeet are the most common orthopedic problem in children. Many babies are born with flatfeet every day and develop arches in their feet as they grow. In some children, the arches never develop. Being flat-footed is not a cause for concern and must not interfere in performing daily activities. In some cases, where a child experiences pain, it is recommended that inserting arch supporters into shoes, to reduce foot pain.
  2. Pigeon Toes: Some babies have a natural turning in of their legs in between 8 to 15 months of age when they begin to stand. As children get older walking with their feet turned inwards referred to as pigeon toes. Children above the age of 3 or 4 who have in-toeing problems may have a femoral ante version, wherein, there is a bend in the upper part of the leg, causing it to turn inward.
  3. Bowlegs: Bow leggedness is a condition, in which one’s legs bend outwards. This condition is extremely common in infants and grows as the child grows. Bow leggedness that prolongs beyond the age of 2 years.
  4. Knock-Knees: In Most children knock-knees show the tendency between the age of 3 and 6. This is because the child’s body goes through natural changes during this stage. In most of the cases, treatment is not needed as the legs straighten on their own. Severe knock-knees or one’s that are more towards one side of the leg needs treatment. Surgery might be considered at a particular age, depending on the health condition of the child.

If you know any child with any orthopedic problem it is best to visit a specialist who can treat them well and leave them free from such problems.

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What is a sore throat?

A sore throat is a painful and irritated area in the throat that usually feels worse when you swallow.

It refers to pain, itchiness, or irritation of the throat. You may find difficulty in swallowing food and liquids, and the pain may get worse when you try to swallow. Throat pain is the primary symptom of a sore throat. However, other symptoms may include:

  • Dry Throat
  • Swollen glands in the neck
  • White patches on the tonsils
  • Hoarseness

A sore throat can affect the people of all ages, but the risk of a sore throat is higher in some people. This includes:

  • Children
  • Smokers
  • People with allergies

How a sore throat treated?

The treatment for a sore throat depends on the cause. However, you can treat sore throats at home. This includes:

  • Take warm salt water with garlic
  • Drinking plenty of fluids
  • Avoiding smoke and chemicals
  • Avoid taking throat lozenges
  • Reduce inflammation with ibuprofen or acetaminophen

If a bacterial infection causes your sore throat, it’s better to consult the doctor; your doctor will prescribe a course of antibiotics to kill the infectious organisms.

How to prevent a sore throat?

sore throat is more susceptible in the winter months, an irritating sore throat can strike at any time of the year. Sore throats are infectious, and there are certain steps that can help you to prevent from future infection. Washing your hands repeatedly throughout the day kills bacteria and germs that can cause bacterial infections.

Additional steps you can take to prevent a sore throat include the following:

  • Don’t share utensils with others
  • Use hand sanitizers whenever water was not available
  • Limit contact with commonly touched surfaces
  • Reduce exposure to allergens, such as dust etc
  • Avoid smoking
  • Keep a humidifier in your house to eliminate dryness
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Sleep apnea often comes with metabolic syndrome. Sleep-wake regulation is accomplished through a complex set of interactions.

If you take long naps or particularly feeling sleepy during the day time, you are on the way to develop high cholesterol, high blood pressure, excess fat around the waist and high blood sugar, all of which increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. These symptoms are known as metabolic syndrome.

 Metabolic Syndrome:

Metabolic Syndrome is not a disease; it’s a combination of disorders that multiply a person’s risk. This includes obesity, high blood pressure, cholesterol and insulin resistance

These risk factors double your risk of heart diseases, which can lead to heart attacks and heart strokes. They even increase the risk of diabetes by five times.

Metabolic syndrome can be controlled by making healthy choices.

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Our body can be considered as a network of networks, with one organ’s activity influencing other organs, partially or completely. The heart and kidney influence each other, with one’s disease affecting the work of the other.

What are the functions of heart and kidneys?

The human heart pumps blood around the body via circulatory system. The heart supplies oxygen and nutrients to the tissues. Kidneys filter the blood, regulate water and salt levels to control blood pressure, and expel waste in the form of urine.

How do heart and kidneys work together?

The working of the heart has its influence on kidneys. During a heart disease, when the heart cannot pump blood efficiently, there is congestion of blood in the vein connecting kidney and the heart. Also, there is reduced supply of oxygenated blood from heart to kidneys. If the kidneys are diseased the flow of filtered blood from kidneys to heart is slowed down, leading to heart complications. So, the slowing down or failure of one organ (heart or kidneys) has its disastrous impact on the other.

What is the connection between heart disease and kidney disease?

As the heart and kidneys work together, disease of one may affect the working of the other. So, one with kidney disease may develop heart disease also. For example, in patients with diabetes, when the working of kidneys is affected there is also scope for developing high blood pressure and other cardiovascular diseases.

How can I keep my heart and kidneys healthy?

By availing regular health checkups, the functioning of the heart and kidneys can be monitored. And by choosing the right lifestyle and diet you can keep your heart and kidneys healthy. The right lifestyle includes regular physical activity, eating less fat and sugar, quitting smoking and drinking and reduce stress. So, a healthy heart means healthy kidneys and vice versa.

How does Simhapuri Hospitals’ Master Health Checkup help in safeguarding the health of your heart and kidneys?

Simhapuri Hospitals’ Master Health Checkup can be availed by all adults who are 30 and above. Majorly, the focus of our Master Health Checkup is to check and verify the possibility or existence of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancer. Master Health Checkup’s Complete Blood Picture (CBP), Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN), and Blood Grouping & Rh Typing helps to know the condition of blood, and verifies the working of your kidneys, liver and heart. By availing our Master Health Checkup it will be possible to identify your health problem before it starts, and take the corrective measures.

 

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