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Also called juvenile diabetes, where your child’s pancreas no longer produces the insulin.

A child newly diagnosed with diabetes may worry about a range of issues. Diabetes is a chronic and life-threatening condition in which body loses its ability to produce insulin. Children who have diagnosed with diabetes may struggle to perform their daily activities.

If a child is diagnosed with diabetes, parent may feel overwhelmed, angry and worried about his future. A diabetes care team can help to overcome the challenges the parent faces. Most of the children will effect with Type 1 diabetes in which the body is unable to produce insulin. Due to this they will need regular insulin injections.

SYMPTOMS:

Diabetes is not caused by being overweight. Some parents may feel upset or worried when their children are diagnosed with diabetes. Having diabetes doesn’t have to take away your child’s freedom.

The main symptoms of child diabetes:

  • Drinking more than usual, including overnight
  • Frequent urination, including overnight
  • Weight loss
  • Tiredness

Symptoms that are more typical for children includes:

  • Tummy pains
  • Headaches
  • Behavior problems

TREATMENT:

The specialized nature of managing childhood diabetes means that most children are cared by the hospital. Most children with diabetes need insulin treatment, which will be planned with the diabetes team.

  • Frequent daily dosage of fast-acting insulin during the day and slow-acting insulin at night
  • Very small children normally don’t need an injection at night, but will need one as they grow older
  • Increasing numbers of children use continuous insulin pumps

In the first year after diagnosis, your child may need only a small dose of insulin. Also, good glucose control is important. This is because many of the complications of diabetes increase with the duration diabetes have been present.

Children can’t be dealing with their diabetes alone and they need support of the family. It’s very important that all members of the family take an active role in your child’s diabetes. Child diabetes demands teamwork on the part of all the family members, which includes close follow-up on health check-ups, diet, medications and other diabetic management tasks.

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Varicose veins are twisted and enlarged veins near the surface of the skin.

Varicose veins are enlarged veins, commonly found in legs and feet. Spider veins constitute a mild variation of varicose veins. Varicose veins are formed by increased pressure on the veins of the lower body. In some, varicose veins may cause pain and discomfort, and in few others it may lead to more serious circulatory problems. Treatment for varicose veins includes self care, medications and surgery.

CAUSES:

Varicose veins condition is seen in older people and pregnant women. In older people due to weakening of the veins the flow of blood is reversed.  In pregnant women, more blood flows from legs to pelvis to support the growing fetus, with the side effect predominantly seen as enlarged veins in the legs.

SYMPTOMS:

The veins at the affected area are dark purple or blue in color. They are twisted and bulging. Those with varicose veins feel heaviness in the legs. In some, there is burning, throbbing and muscle cramping, bleeding and swelling in the lower legs.

RISKS & COMPLICATIONS:

Varicose veins are seen in older people as they experience weakening of veins. Women experience hormonal changes during pregnancy, pre-menstruation or menopause which enhances the risk of varicose veins. Those with a family history of varicose veins are also at the risk of it. Also, people who are obese and those with long periods of sitting and standing are also at the risk of varicose disease. The complications of varicose veins are evident as ulcers, blood clots and bleeding. All cases of bleeding needs immediate medical attention as they are categorized as high-risk.

TESTS & DIAGNOSIS:

The doctor enquires about pain and heaviness in the legs. Later checks the affected area for varicose veins. The doctor may recommend for ultrasound to check the functioning of affected veins. A transducer (hand-held device) may be used to study the images of veins on the monitor.

TREATMENT:

The treatment for varicose veins includes self-care, compressive stockings and surgery. Varicose veins developed during pregnancy generally improve without medical treatment.  Self-care includes exercise, weight loss, elevating legs, and avoiding long periods of standing or sitting. Compressive stockings helps to squeeze legs and helps to move blood more efficiently. Sclerotherapy, laser surgeries, ambulatory phlebectomy and endoscopic vein surgery are also recommended.

 

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Sinusitis occurs when the sinuses are inflamed due to fungal, viral or bacterial infections

Sinusitis is the inflammation of sinuses, caused by infection, allergies, air pollution or structural problems in the nose. The symptoms of sinusitis include thick nasal mucus, plugged nose, pain in the face, fever, headache, sore throat, cough and reduced sense of smell. It is considered as acute, when it lasts for less than 4 weeks, and chronic when it lasts for more than 12 weeks. Sinusitis may recur in people with asthma, cystic fibrosis and poor immune function. It can be prevented by hand washing, avoiding smoking and immunization.

CAUSES:

Acute sinusitis is caused by common cold, which may be of bacterial or viral origin. Chronic sinusitis may occur due to nasal polyps, deviated nasal septum, respiratory tract infections and allergies.

SYMPTOMS:

Nasal obstruction or congestion is usually seen in people with sinusitis. Other symptoms of sinusitis include yellow or greenish discharge from the nose, pain and swelling around the eyes, ear pressure and headache, reduced sense of taste and smell, bad breath, fatigue and fever. When these symptoms persist, you should immediately consult a doctor.

RISKS & COMPLICATIONS:

Sinusitis may occur in people with allergic conditions, nasal passage abnormality (deviated nasal septum and nasal polyps), cystic fibrosis, asthma, aspirin sensitivity, and falling immunity in those affected by HIV/AIDS. The complications of sinusitis are evident as acute form turning into chronic sinusitis, bone and skin infection, inflammation of brain and spinal cord and loss of smell.

TESTS & DIAGNOSIS:

The doctor looks for signs and symptoms of acute and chronic sinusitis. If the symptoms persist for fewer than 10 days it is categorized as viral. If the symptoms last more than 10 days it is considered as bacterial. For acute sinusitis, the doctor may recommend X-ray, CT or MRI to confirm on the occurrence of sinusitis. Nasal endoscopy and collection of tissue sample is done to confirm the presence of chronic sinusitis. Sinusoscopy may also be recommended in rare cases.

TREATMENT:

 The doctor looks for signs and symptoms of sinusitis. Rest and drinking enough water are suggested to thin the mucus. Breathing low-temperature steam and gargling lukewarm salt water can provide the needful relief from distressing symptoms of sinusitis. In some cases, antibiotics, decongestants and pain relievers are prescribed by the doctor. Endoscopic sinus surgery may be an option when there is resistance to medication.

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Within 6 hours

  • Heart rate slows
  • BP is stabilized

Within 24 hours

  • Bloodstream free of nicotine
  • Carbon monoxide level in blood drops
  • Oxygen reaches heart and muscles easily

Within 7 days

  • Taste and smell improves
  • Lungs cleared of mucus, tar and dust
  • Protective antioxidants in blood

Within 3 months

  • Less of coughing and wheezing
  • Better immune system to fight infection
  • Blood turns thinner
  • Blood flow in hands and feet improves

Within 6 months

  • Lesser phlegm and less stress

After 1 year

  • Easy breathing

From 2 to 5 years

  • Lower risk of heart attack and stroke

After 10 years

  • Risk of lung cancer is lower than a smoker

After 15 years

  • Free of the risk of heart attack and stroke

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Diet and lifestyle changes may control symptoms of crohn’s disease and lengthen the time between flare-ups.

An inflammatory bowel disease, crohn’s disease is marked by symptoms of abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss and malnutrition. Crohn’s disease may affect different areas of digestive tract, leading to debilitating and life-threatening complications. Crohn’s disease may be effectively treated by following certain diet and lifestyle changes.

  • Limit dairy products: By limiting and eliminating dairy products the fall-out of inflammatory bowel disease evident as diarrhea, abdominal pain and gas can be controlled effectively.
  • Having low-fat foods: If you are diagnosed for crohn’s disease, it is better to avoid low-fat foods such as butter, margarine, cream sauces and fried foods. People with crohn’s disease of small intestine may not be able to digest fat normally.
  • Limit fiber: In some people with crohn’s disease, high fiber foods may worsen the symptoms. Instead of taking raw fruits and vegetables, it is better to take them in steamed or baked form.
  • Avoid problems foods: It is always better to avoid spicy foods, alcohol and caffeine as they may worsen the symptoms of crohn’s disease.
  • Eat small meals: Those with the condition of crohn’s disease should break from the routine of tiffin, lunch and dinner. You may eat five to six small meals in a day that may help to reduce the occurrence of crohn’s disease.
  • Drink plenty of liquids: Water is the best drink for those affected by crohn’s disease. Alcohol, caffeine and carbonated drinks should be avoided as they produce gas and may aggravate diarrhea.
  • Take multivitamins and mineral supplements: Crohn’s disease inhibits the body’s ability to absorb nutrients. Taking adequate amount of multivitamin and mineral supplements ensures proper supply of nutrients to the body.
  • Overcome stress: Stress may not cause crohn’s disease, but it may aggravate its symptoms. You can manage stress effectively by practicing relaxation and breathing exercises.

 

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